What Is The Next Step After An Abnormal Pap Smear?

Can sperm cause abnormal Pap smear?

Inflammation, irritation and/or semen can affect Pap smear results.

HPV (Human Papilloma Virus).

This is another STD that causes genital warts..

How long does it take for a cervical biopsy to come back?

A specialist called a pathologist will examine the tissue sample from the cervical biopsy and send a report to your doctor. Biopsy results most often take 1 to 2 weeks. A normal result means there is no cancer and no abnormal changes were seen.

Should I be worried if I have HPV?

Nope. HPV is passed by skin to skin contact of the genital area so anyone who has ever been sexually active can have HPV. It is more common in young, sexually active people, however, the immune system will usually clear the infection so this isn’t really something to worry about.

How do you get rid of high risk HPV?

What’s the treatment for high-risk HPV Cryotherapy — a treatment to freeze and remove precancerous cells from the cervix. LEEP or Loop Electrosurgical Excision Procedure — a treatment to remove precancerous cells from the cervix with an electrical current.

What happens if you test positive for HPV?

If you get a positive HPV test, your physician has detected one or more high risk strains of the virus on the Pap test of your cervix. If the virus stays with you for a long time, it can cause cell changes that can lead to several types of cancer.

Will I always test positive for HPV?

HPV spreads through sexual contact and is very common in young people — frequently, the test results will be positive. However, HPV infections often clear on their own within a year or two. Cervical changes that lead to cancer usually take several years — often 10 years or more — to develop.

What percentage of abnormal Pap smears are cancer?

Abnormal Pap tests are very common. In fact, of the 3 million women with abnormal Pap tests each year, less than 1% (13,240 cases) will be diagnosed with cervical cancer.

What can cause an abnormal Pap smears besides HPV?

When HPV causes abnormal cell changes on the cervix this is called cervical dysplasia. It is important to note that there are other reasons besides HPV for abnormal Pap smear results such as infection, although the most common reason for abnormal Pap smear results is HPV.

What does it mean to have a mildly abnormal Pap smear?

Most often, the abnormal test result means there have been cell changes caused by the human papilloma virus (HPV). That’s the most common sexually transmitted infection (STI), and can be linked to cervical cancer. Changes to your cervical cells caused by HPV can be mild, moderate, or severe.

How long does HPV take to cause abnormal cells?

And if the changes are discovered during cervical screening, treatment is highly successful. The progression from HPV infection to developing CIN or CGIN and then cervical cancer is very slow, often taking 10 to 20 years.

What happens after an abnormal pap smear?

Once abnormal cells are identified, your doctor performs a biopsy, taking a small amount of tissue for testing. You’ll feel a pinch, nothing more. Then, your cells are off to the lab for analysis. You might experience some mild cramping after colposcopy, but that’s it.

Can stress cause abnormal Pap smears?

But she noted that many researchers speculate that stress may somehow be involved in cervical cancer because stressful times in women’s lives can often be associated with abnormal Pap smear results.

Can atypical squamous cells go away?

These abnormalities (also called lesions) are low-grade, meaning that they are not severe, but should still be taken seriously. Most of the lesions will go away on their own, especially in younger individuals, but about 10 percent of the time the lesions will progress to cancer if left untreated.

What happens if your colposcopy comes back positive?

Results. After a colposcopy, your colposcopist will usually be able to tell you what they have found straight away. If there is any uncertainty, a small sample of tissue from the cervix may need to be removed (a biopsy) for further examination. In some cases, abnormal cells can be treated during your colposcopy.

What are the symptoms of HPV in females?

But when HPV does not go away, it can cause health problems like genital warts and cancer. Genital warts usually appear as a small bump or group of bumps in the genital area. They can be small or large, raised or flat, or shaped like a cauliflower.

Why do I keep getting abnormal Pap smears?

Most abnormal Pap tests are caused by HPV infections. Other types of infection—such as those caused by bacteria, yeast, or protozoa (Trichomonas)—sometimes lead to minor changes on a Pap test called atypical squamous cells.

How long after HPV can you have an abnormal Pap?

This usually takes about 10 years. A Pap smear every two years can detect any abnormal cell changes caused by HPV, which can then be monitored and/or treated to prevent cancer.

Should I be worried if my pap smear came back abnormal?

If your Pap smear results come back abnormal and/or you test positive for HPV, your doctor may advise further testing and monitoring so that a clear diagnosis can be made. This may mean: Following up with another Pap smear in one year (sooner than the recommended frequency) to keep an eye on things.