Quick Answer: How Common Are Abnormal Cells In Cervix?

Can cervical cancer be cured completely?

Cervical cancer is often curable if it’s diagnosed at an early stage.

When cervical cancer is not curable, it’s often possible to slow its progression, prolong lifespan and relieve any associated symptoms, such as pain and vaginal bleeding.

This is known as palliative care..

What if cervical biopsy is positive?

Results of a cervical biopsy A positive test means that cancer or precancerous cells have been found and treatment may be needed.

Can abnormal Pap smears mean infertility?

Whether you need treatment before trying to fall pregnant depends on the cell change severity. Women with low-grade abnormalities who are up to date with their Pap smears are fine to go ahead and conceive. Women with high-grade abnormalities should talk through their options with their doctor first.

Does a colposcopy mean I have HPV?

If your pap test showed some abnormal cells and you tested positive for HPV, a colposcopy can help confirm and diagnose potential problems. HPV, or human papillomavirus, is a virus that may raise your risk for certain types of cancer, including cervical, vaginal, and vulvar cancers.

Do abnormal cervical cells go away?

Although it’s common to feel uneasy, you should know that most women who have abnormal cervical screening test results do not have cervical cancer. Most have early cell changes that can be monitored (since they often go away on their own) or treated early (to prevent problems later).

Should I be worried about a colposcopy?

A colposcopy can also be used to find out the cause of problems such as unusual vaginal bleeding (for example, bleeding after sex). Try not to worry if you’ve been referred for a colposcopy. It’s very unlikely you have cancer and any abnormal cells will not get worse while you’re waiting for your appointment.

What happens if my cervical biopsy is abnormal?

After a biopsy, the tissue sample is examined under a microscope to look for changes or abnormalities such as cancer. If there are no abnormal cells, the result is reported as normal. An abnormal cervical biopsy means that there have been some changes to the cells in the cervix.

How serious is a colposcopy?

A colposcopy is a safe and quick procedure. However, some women find it uncomfortable and a few experience pain. Tell the doctor or nurse (colposcopist) if you find the procedure painful, as they will try to make you more comfortable. A colposcopy is a safe procedure to have during pregnancy.

What causes abnormal cells in the cervix?

Most of the time, the abnormal cell changes are caused by certain types of human papillomavirus, or HPV. HPV is a sexually transmitted infection. Usually these cell changes go away on their own. But certain types of HPV have been linked to cervical cancer.

What was your first cervical cancer symptom?

The first identifiable symptoms of cervical cancer are likely to include: Abnormal vaginal bleeding, such as after intercourse, between menstrual periods, or after menopause; menstrual periods may be heavier and last longer than normal. Pain during intercourse. Vaginal discharge and odor.

What stage of cervical cancer do symptoms show?

Early-stage cervical cancer generally produces no signs or symptoms. Signs and symptoms of more-advanced cervical cancer include: Vaginal bleeding after intercourse, between periods or after menopause. Watery, bloody vaginal discharge that may be heavy and have a foul odor.

Will I always test positive for HPV?

HPV spreads through sexual contact and is very common in young people — frequently, the test results will be positive. However, HPV infections often clear on their own within a year or two. Cervical changes that lead to cancer usually take several years — often 10 years or more — to develop.

What causes abnormal cervical cells besides HPV?

Trichomoniasis and Other STDS Another one of the more common abnormal Pap smear causes, especially in women aged 16 to 35, is the sexually transmitted disease trichomoniasis. As NLM explains, trichomoniasis can cause many symptoms, such as the following: Vaginal itching.

How long does it take for abnormal cervical cells to turn into cancer?

But if they aren’t treated, there is a chance that these abnormal changes may become cervical cancer. If left untreated, it may take 10 years or more for precancerous conditions of the cervix to turn into cervical cancer, but in rare cases this can happen in less time.

What happens if I test positive for HPV?

If you get a positive HPV test, your physician has detected one or more high risk strains of the virus on the Pap test of your cervix. If the virus stays with you for a long time, it can cause cell changes that can lead to several types of cancer.

How painful is a colposcopy biopsy?

If there are multiple suspicious areas, your doctor may take multiple biopsy samples. What you feel during a biopsy depends on what type of tissue is being removed: Cervical biopsy. A cervical biopsy will cause mild discomfort but is usually not painful; you may feel some pressure or cramping.

What happens if you have abnormal cells in your cervix?

If a colposcopy finds abnormal cells in your cervix, treatment to remove these cells may be recommended. There’s sometimes a risk these cells could become cancerous if left untreated. Removing them means they will not be able to turn into cancer.

Should I be worried about an abnormal pap smear?

The fact is, an “abnormal” Pap result does not usually mean cancer, and HPV is exceptionally common to the point that almost all of us have been exposed to this virus and have had a transient infection. Since the vast majority of cervical cancers are caused by HPV, it is important to test for it regularly.