Question: What Is The Most Important Function Of The Kidney?

What is the kidneys most important function quizlet?

The most important function of the kidney is the homeostatic regulation of the water and ion content of the blood, also called salt and water balance or fluid and electrolyte balance.

They also release renin, an enzyme that regulates the production of hormones involved in sodium balance and blood pressure homeostasis..

Do kidneys regulate blood pressure?

Healthy kidneys produce a hormone called aldosterone to help the body regulate blood pressure. Kidney damage and uncontrolled high blood pressure each contribute to a negative spiral.

Which of the following are functions of the kidney quizlet?

Functions of the Kidneys Regulation of extracellular fluid volume and blood pressure. Regulation of osmolarity. Maintenance of ion balance. Homeostatic regulation of pH. Excretion of wastes. Production of hormones.

What color is urine when your kidneys are failing?

When kidneys are failing, the increased concentration and accumulation of substances in urine lead to a darker color which may be brown, red or purple. The color change is due to abnormal protein or sugar, high levels of red and white blood cells, and high numbers of tube-shaped particles called cellular casts.

What happens if your kidneys are not working properly?

If your kidneys stop working completely, your body fills with extra water and waste products. This condition is called uremia. Your hands or feet may swell. You will feel tired and weak because your body needs clean blood to function properly.

What are the kidneys protected by?

Each kidney is held in place by connective tissue, called renal fascia, and is surrounded by a thick layer of adipose tissue, called perirenal fat, which helps to protect it. A tough, fibrous, connective tissue renal capsule closely envelopes each kidney and provides support for the soft tissue that is inside.

What are the primary functions of the kidneys?

Their main job is to cleanse the blood of toxins and transform the waste into urine. Each kidney weighs about 160 grams and gets rid of between one and one-and-a-half litres of urine per day. The two kidneys together filter 200 litres of fluid every 24 hours.

What is the first sign of kidney problems?

Signs and symptoms of acute kidney failure may include: Decreased urine output, although occasionally urine output remains normal. Fluid retention, causing swelling in your legs, ankles or feet. Shortness of breath.

Can you live without kidneys?

Because your kidneys are so important, you cannot live without them. But it is possible to live a perfectly healthy life with only one working kidney.

What is renal fascia and what is its function?

The renal fascia, commonly known as Gerota’s fascia, is a collagenous connective tissue sheath which separates the perirenal fat from the pararenal fat. It may be visualized radiographically and is helpful in the precise localization of abdominal masses.

Why do we have 2 kidneys?

Most humans are born with two kidneys as the functional components of what is called the renal system, which also includes two ureters, a bladder and a urethra. The kidneys have many functions, including regulating blood pressure, producing red blood cells, activating vitamin D and producing some glucose.

What is the main reason for chronic kidney disease diagnosis?

The two main causes of chronic kidney disease are diabetes and high blood pressure, which are responsible for up to two-thirds of the cases. Diabetes happens when your blood sugar is too high, causing damage to many organs in your body, including the kidneys and heart, as well as blood vessels, nerves and eyes.

What is the most important job of the kidneys?

Why are the kidneys important? Your kidneys remove wastes and extra fluid from your body. Your kidneys also remove acid that is produced by the cells of your body and maintain a healthy balance of water, salts, and minerals—such as sodium, calcium, phosphorus, and potassium—in your blood.

What are the 7 functions of the kidney?

KIDNEYSRegulation of extracellular fluid volume. The kidneys work to ensure an adequate quantity of plasma to keep blood flowing to vital organs.Regulation of osmolarity. … Regulation of ion concentrations. … Regulation of pH. … Excretion of wastes and toxins. … Production of hormones.

How do you improve kidney function?

Five simple lifestyle steps can help you keep them in good shape.Stay hydrated. Drinking plenty of fluid will help your kidneys function properly. … Eat healthily. … Watch your blood pressure. … Don’t smoke or drink too much alcohol. … Keep slim to help your kidneys.